Absolutely the most popular new phrase coined in science fiction is “robot”, from the 1920 Perform via the Czech writer Karel Capek’: R. U. R. (“Rossum’s Common Robots”). I don’t know any Czech but I dare say “robotic” comes from a root just like the Russian rabotat, to operate. Right here, consequently, rather then a term that is totally invented from nothing at all. We have now a new kind of an existing term, expressing a brand new notion.
“Robotic” is therefore a way together the spectrum that extends from Those people neologisms which are merely handy abbreviations (for example “mascon” for “concentratin of mass”), to really new phrases and ideas. (Not surprisingly a author could also invent a different term to precise an aged idea, however this is usually relatively pointless. I feel Larry Niven in The Ringworld Engineers invented a whole new word for intercourse, while I can not remember what the term was And that i cannot be bothered to appear it up.)
Even When they are primarily mere abbreviations, new words and phrases can give a new slant on Earlier expressed Concepts.
Perhaps an example of This really is “pauk”, in Brian Aldiss’ Helliconia Spring. “Pauk” means “trance in which one can commune Together with the spirits of one’s ancestors”. Or through which 1 thinks one can…. for It is far from obvious, through the Helliconia trilogy as a whole, no matter if pauk is a real phenomenon of soul Speak to or whether it is a mental illusion current at a particular phase of Culture. The latter interpretation is prompt by the fact that the “spirits” from the departed seemingly improve in mood, from grumpy to sweet tempered, as civilization advances.
A vaguer, but maybe a lot more original time period, could be the Martian phrase “grok” in Heinlein’s Stranger in a wierd Land. When you grok, you’re tuning in to some ineffable wholeness; It’s a mystical notion, Maybe much too imprecise for being useful, but at the very least we are able to say in its favour, that no apparent equal existed previously while in the English language.
Turning from your summary to your concrete, a derivation of an present phrase utilized for a brand new intent is “drainer” in Robert Silverberg’s A Time of Variations. A drainer is really a member of a despised profession, a form of secular confessor, to whom 1 unburdens oneself verbally in non public, so as to rid oneself of pressure, in a very culture which forbids the open usage of the non public pronoun “I”.
Jack Vance coined new text for the days on the week in Araminta Station, simply to steer clear of the jarring incongruity of utilizing our acquainted Friday, Saturday, etcetera, inside the context of a much planet tens of A large number of decades Sooner or later, Though its inhabitants are human, descended from us and similar to us culturally. He was proper to take action. The text he selected are gorgeous additions into the ambiance of his tale.
An interesting illustration of an author who’s got deliberately eschewed neologism is Gene Wolfe, who within an appendix to the first volume of his much long run epic The Ebook of The brand new Sunlight has mentioned:
In rendering this e book initially composed within a tongue that has not yet obtained existence into English, I’d simply have saved myself an excessive amount of labor by acquiring recourse to invented phrases; in no scenario have I performed so. Hence in lots of situations I happen to be pressured to switch nonetheless undiscovered ideas by their closest twentieth century equivalents. This kind of text as peltast, androgyn, and exultant are substitutions of this kind, and are intended to be suggestive as opposed to definitive. He’s proper; the influence is extremely suggestive, and his determination never to go down the road of neologism is actually a linguistic triumph leading to a lavish feast of prose texture. But then he is writing about a much long run Earth. If he were writing about One more planet, neologisms would have been a lot more appropriate.
The Ooranye Challenge has identified it required to invent new terms for a few Uranian principles. Listed here for example are two political neologisms being discovered on the enormous planet:
“Lremd”has connotations of luck and skill; it’d be defined as being the reward of getting in the appropriate place at the best time, of being able to weave a person’s way through a crowd of gatherings without the need of metaphorically bumping or jostling versus Other individuals. You may get in touch with it inbuilt personalized radar. The Noads city rulers should have this top quality. It permits them to indulge each individual so usually in adventures just as when they ended up private individuals, and to keep in close touch with common existence. It perhaps brings close to fact Rousseau’s ambiguous concept of the “normal will” in Du Contrat Social, an notion which on our planet is impractical for virtually any gathering bigger than a group of mates. Due to lremd, government on Ooranye is usually un bureaucratic, not merely absolutely free but totally free and straightforward, in a means that might be unattainable on Earth!
“Arelk” is as lousy as “lremd” is sweet. Arelk could possibly be described as being a “political hardening in the arteries”, whereby a polity degenerates into bureaucratic rigidity and eventual tyranny. Arelk has become the phenomena most dreaded via the lremd loving peoples of Ooranye.